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The first thing I will write about is the protestant reformation. This is some of the people of the Catholic Church protested against the church for what it does. All of this caused the people to make a new branch of Christianity calling themselves the Protestants. The person who began all of this was a man named Martin Luther. He was a German professor and priest. In 1517, he challenged the church by making his ninety-five theses. The church excommunicated him so he wasnít allowed into the Catholic Church. He was excommunicated because he wouldnít agree with the church. When he returned home to Germany he worked on all the things in his ninety-five theses. After he died, people made another branch to Christianity. The church was dedicated to Martin Luther and was called the Lutheran church. The person who took Lutherís place after he died was John Calvin. He too was a rebel to the Catholic Church. His way to try and convince the church to his side was to get all the scholars and teachers that agreed with him, to go and protest against the church. During the second half of the 1500s, Calvin set his reform that affected throughout all of Europe., 11-2-05


The Enlightenment was an intellectual movement and associated with the eighteenth century. The Enlightenment was when the people began to use their minds to discover new things. This is when gravity was discovered. The Enlightenment was also a time of art. There were many artists in this time. Most of the artists were also inventors of intellectuals. One really well known artist of this time is Leonardo da Vinci. He is known for painting the Mona Lisa, Sixteenth Chapel, and the last supper. He was also a very good inventor of his time. During this time, many of the scholars called themselves humanist. Most of them were Catholic and then changed to humanist. They would have celebrations of the human race and didnít care what religion you were. Humanists used the creativity of the Romans and the Greeks in their works. This is why a lot of stuff from the Enlightenment sort of resembles things from the times of Ancient Greek and Ancient Rome. All of this made a big influence of current day, and if none of this happened, the world would be completely different and the church might have taken over the world. These are some facts about the Enlightenment.††, 11-2-05


On my last one I will talk about the protestant reformation. On the website that was found, it talks all about how and what happened during the protestant reformation. It includes the social and political factors, weaknesses in the Catholic Church, beliefs of the Protestants, theological doctrines, rejections of non biblical traditions, and the Council of Trent. Under social and political factors, it talks about what the relationship between the civilians and the politicians. Under weaknesses of the Catholic Church it talks about all the weaknesses that the church had back then. In the beliefs of a Protestant section, the author writes about what the beliefs of the Protestants were. Theological doctrines talks about what important papers or people there were during the reformation. The rejections of non biblical traditions talk about what the church rejected because it had nothing to do with the church. There is also a map that shows the division of Europe into different religions in different sections. The last section, The Council of Trent, talks about what the Council of Trent talked about. All of this is found on the webpage that was chosen about the Protestant Reformation and all the things that happened during it.††, 11-2-05