Suffrage: the right to vote
Sans-culottes: working class men and women who called for
radical action in
Abdicate: to give up a high office
Deficit spending: situation in which a government spends more then it takes in.
Plebiscite: ballot in which voters have a direct say on an issue
Blockade: the shutting off of a port to keep people or supplies from moving in or out
Bourgeoisie: the middle class
Nationalism: feeling of pride in and devotion to one’s country
Émigré: person who flees his or her country for political reasons.
Louis XVI: he was a well meaning king but was weak and indecisive. He chose Jacques Necker, a financial wizard as an adviser.
Clemens von Metternich: he was the prince of
Napoleon: In 1812 he pursued his dream of empire by invading
Olympe de Gouges: She was a female journalist that demanded equal rights in her Declaration of the Rights of Women. She said that women were born free and that they deserved the same rights as men get.
Robespierre: He was a shrewd lawyer and politician that quickly rose to the leadership of the Committee of Public Safety. He adapted to Rousseau’s idea of the general will. He promoted religious toleration and sought to abolish slavery.
Jacques Louis David: He was a leading artist at the time of all of this. He immortalized stirring events like the Tennis Court Oath and, later, the reign of Napoleon.
who denounced Fr. Rev? Why?: When Louis XIV was decapitated. This was done because he had broken and law and had to pay for his wrong doings.
Reign of Terror: This is when the National Assembly abolished feudalism and introduced new religious reforms. During this time Robespierre was the one that lead the Committee of Public Safety.
Napoleon annexed who?: Napoleon annexed the
Alexander II: He came to the throne in 1855 during the Crimean War. After a long time of people pushing reforms at him from all sides he finally gave in for the reforms.
Francis Joseph: He was an eighteen year old boy that inherited the throne. He ruled until the year 1916.
Giuseppe Garibaldi: He was a long time nationalist and an
ally of Mazzini. He wanted to create an
Otto von Bismarck: He came from
William II: He succeeded his grandfather as Kaiser. He was
supremely confident with his abilities and wished to put his own stamp on
Camillo Cavour: He was appointed a spot as prime minister. He came from a noble family but favored liberal goals.
Anarchist: person who wants to abolish all government
Refugee: person who flees his or her homeland to seek safety somewhere else.
Pogrom: violent attack in Jewish community
Zemstvo: local elected assembly set up in