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CH. 5
*Minoan civilization and the importance of its location- The location of the Minoan

Civilization was important because they were able to grow crops in the area and it was

hard to attack the Minoans from where they were.
*Explain how Sparta's location was important. - The location was important because

from where they were, it was easy for them to attack other nations without losing a

bunch of soldiers during to march to the location.
*Trojan war- location Ė Trojan War was in Athens. The war was between the Trojans and

the Greeks over land in Greece.
*geography of Greece created?: The geography of Greece was created by the ocean level

use to being higher making large land forms under that water that are now the

mountains that are in Greece.
* post Persian wars domination: Persia was one of the most powerful nations in the

eastern civilizations. They were the only ones that came close to beating the Greeks in a

*Peloponnesian War: The Peloponnesian War was between he Greeks and Sparta. Sparta

was inland so it would be hard for the Greeks to attack because they were not able to

attack by sea.
*Greek theater origins: Their theater originated when the Greeks began to make and tell

stories. When that happened they began to act out the stories and are still done today in

*Alexander's achievements and empire: Alexander the Great was one of the greatest rulers ever to be known of. He ruled almost all of the Mediterranean Civilization when he was in power.
*center of Hellenistic world: The Hellenistic world was employed by armies, architects,

and artists. They would build temples, palaces, and other public buildings that would be

very large.
*geographic characteristics of Greece: Greece was known for their large buildings that

were well built. Their architecture was the greatest of the Mediterranean Civilization.

They were mass works of art.
*oligarchy: Government in which ruling power belongs to a few people.
*democracy: Government in which the people hold ruling power.
*Spartan childhoods: Spartan boys were brought up as soldiers. The females were to

work at home with the mothers to make food for the men.
*Athens' golden age: This was when Athens was not under attack at all. There were no problems with other countries.
*Aristotle's meritocracy: Meritocracy was a mix of the goods from Democracy, Monarchy, and Aristocracy.
*Greek values: The Greeks would do anything that would involve their gods in a good way. If this was not the fact, they would listen to the eldest person in the family.

CH 6

*Augustus: Augustus was a ruler that was good. He was the one that lead Greece into theGolden Age. He was most famous for that
*Julius Caesar: Julius Caesar was know for being a great leader when it came to fighting.
He didnít have the brains, but he did have the tactics and whit to be a strong commander

and ruler.
*Hannibal: Hannibal was always out to destroy Rome. At the age of nine, his father made

him take a sacred oath to make his life destiny to take down the Roman empire.
*Jesus: Jesus is a big symbol in the Roman Catholic Church. Jesus was the son of the

Virgin Mary. He is known as the one that opened the gates to heaven again.
*Paul: Paul was someone that was important in the history of Rome. He did many things that influenced the religions of Rome.
*Odoacer: Odoacer is something that is not mentioned in the book so I have no clue what

it is.
*Ptolemy: He was a person that was important to the Catholic Church. He played a big

role when it came to doing things involving the church.
*Virgil: I have no clue who Virgil is. I can not find anything about him in the section that

we are reading.
*martyr: people who suffer or die for their beliefs.
*mercenary: foreign soldiers serving for pay.
*messiah: savior sent by god
*patrician: member of the landholding upper class in Ancient Rome
*plebian: Member of the lower class in Rome, including farmers, merchants, artisans,

and traders.
*aqueduct: Bridge like stone structure that carried water from the hills to the cities.
*heresy: religious belief that is contrary of the official teachings of a church.
*legion: Basic unit of the ancient Rome Army, made up of about 5,000 soldiers.
*republic: system of government in which officials are chosen by the people.
*sect: small religious group.